Scarlet fever Scarlet fever, sometimes called scarlatina, is a disease caused by a bacteria called group A Streptococcus or "group A strep", the same bacteria that causes strep throat. Scarlet fever is a rash that sometimes occurs in people that have strep throat.
Scarlet Fever in Children Scarlet fever is most commonly seen in children under the age of 18. The most common symptoms seen in children include rash, sore throat, fever, and chills.
What is scarlet fever? Scarlet fever occurs mostly in children aged 4-8 years. By 10 years old, up to 80% of children have developed lifelong protective antibodies against streptococcal toxins, whilst children younger than 2 years still have acquired maternal antiexotoxin antibodies. Males and females are affected equally